Vegetarian Girls at Larger Odds for Hip Fracture

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News Picture: Vegetarian Women at Higher Odds for Hip FractureBy Denise Mann HealthDay Reporter

THURSDAY, Aug. 11, 2022 (HealthDay Information)

File numbers of persons are turning to plant-based diets to make the most of the numerous well being advantages they provide, however this will likely come on the expense of their bones, a brand new examine suggests.

Precisely what did researchers discover? Center-aged girls who by no means eat meat could also be extra more likely to break a hip than girls who recurrently devour meat and/or fish.

Extra examine is required to know why vegetarians appear to be at higher threat for hip fractures, however researchers suspect that low physique mass index (BMI) and nutrient shortfalls play a job.

“While a decrease BMI is useful for a lot of well being circumstances, being underweight can result in inadequate fats mass, and poor bone and muscle well being, which may every improve hip fracture threat,” mentioned examine creator James Webster. He’s a doctoral researcher from the Faculty of Meals Science and Nutrition on the College of Leeds in England. BMI is an estimate of physique fats based mostly on weight and peak. The common BMI of vegetarians within the examine was barely decrease than that of meat eaters.

“Individuals with much less fats mass have much less cushioning throughout falls, and falls account for 90% of hip fractures,” he defined.

Meat and fish are additionally glorious sources of a number of vitamins for bone well being, together with protein, vitamin B12 and vitamin D.

“It’s attainable to get most of those vitamins from plant sources, eggs and dairy merchandise, [but] earlier research have discovered decrease intakes of those vitamins in vegetarians,” Webster mentioned. Within the examine, vegetarians had decrease intakes of protein and vitamin B12 than people who ate meat 5 or extra instances every week.

Within the examine, researchers checked out charges of hip fractures in over 26,000 girls aged 35 to 69 who ate meat not more than 4 instances per week (occasional meat eaters); pescatarians who ate fish however not meat; vegetarians; and common meat-eaters who consumed meat not less than 5 instances per week. The ladies stuffed out meals frequency questionnaires, and these have been in contrast towards hospital data to see who suffered a hip fracture. Throughout about 20 years of follow-up, there have been 822 hip fractures.

Vegetarians have been the one group who had an elevated threat of hip fracture as soon as researchers managed for different elements recognized to extend this threat, together with smoking standing and bodily exercise stage.

The findings have been revealed on-line Aug. 11 within the journal BMC Drugs.

There are steps that vegetarians can take to higher shield their bones whereas having fun with the heart and different well being advantages of a plant-based diet, Webster mentioned. This begins with sustaining a wholesome weight, which will increase the probability of wholesome bones and muscle tissues, and helps to scale back hip fracture threat.

Consuming a lot of vegatables and fruits, nuts, legumes, beans and complete grains supplies many of the vitamins wanted for bone well being and fracture prevention, he added.

Take into account fortified meals and supplements, too, he urged. “Consuming meals fortified with key vitamins or taking dietary supplements can even assist keep away from dietary deficiencies, notably for vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acids, that are troublesome to get from plant meals immediately,” Webster mentioned.

Avoiding smoking and extreme alcohol consumption, whereas getting common exercise, can even assist maintain bones robust. “Resistance exercise, the place you carry or pull towards resistance, reminiscent of weight coaching, could also be notably helpful via growing bone and muscle power,” Webster mentioned.


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New Austrian analysis revealed final week backs up this recommendation: Vegans who carry weights or do strength training have stronger bones than vegans who solely do different types of exercise, reminiscent of biking or swimming.

Dietitians not concerned with the brand new examine identified that constructing robust and wholesome bones includes extra than simply getting sufficient calcium.

Magnesium, potassium, boron, zinc, copper, manganese, vitamin D and vitamin K2 are additionally vital, mentioned Robin Foroutan, a New York dietitian.

“Protein is critically vital to constructing a robust and versatile bone matrix,” she mentioned. “Vegetarian sources of protein could also be tougher to digest and take up for some individuals, which makes the protein much less bioavailable.”

Specializing in high-quality sources of vegetarian protein, in addition to darkish leafy greens, nuts, seeds and different high-mineral plant meals, can assist wholesome bones, Foroutan mentioned.

Lona Sandon, program director of scientific nutrition within the Faculty of Well being Professions at College of Texas Southwestern Medical Heart in Dallas, agreed.

Her recommendation to vegetarians? “Intention for loads of high quality protein from eggs and dairy sources if they’re keen to incorporate these of their diet,” Sandon mentioned. If not, up your bean, legume, nut, nut butter and seed consumption to guarantee sufficient quantities of all of the bone-building vitamins past calcium.

Marion Nestle, a retired professor of nutrition, meals research, and public well being at New York College, cautioned that extra analysis is required earlier than drawing any conclusions about fracture threat in vegetarians.

“Vegetarians who do not eat pink meat however eat different animal merchandise ought to be at no greater threat for bone fractures,” she mentioned, however underweight vegans, nevertheless, could possibly be lacking important vitamins.

SOURCES: James Webster, doctoral researcher, Faculty of Meals Science and Nutrition, College of Leeds, England; Robin Foroutan, MS, RDN, dietitian, New York; Lona Sandon, PhD, RDN, LD, program director, scientific diet, Faculty of Well being Professions, College of Texas Southwestern Medical Heart, Dallas; Marion Nestle, PhD, MPH, professor emerita, diet, meals research and public well being, New York College, New York Metropolis; BMC Drugs, Aug. 11, 2022, on-line

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