Ukraine conflict: UN indicators framework to help survivors of sexual violence

Pramila Patten, the Secretary-Common’s Particular Consultant working to finish rape in conflict, was talking at a press convention within the capital, Kyiv. 

Standing alongside Olha Stefanishyna, Ukraine’s Deputy Prime Minister for European and Euro-Atlantic Integration, she expressed solidarity with survivors, saying they aren’t alone. 

“My promise to you is that worldwide regulation won’t be an empty promise. In the present day’s documentation will likely be tomorrow’s prosecution. And I need you to know that your rights don’t finish when wars start,” she mentioned.  

“Girls’s rights don’t finish when wars start. Your our bodies should not (a) battlefield and must not ever be handled as a part of the battlefield.” 

Interventions and help 

Ms. Patten and Ms. Stefanishyna on Tuesday signed a framework for cooperation that helps the design and supply of precedence interventions within the areas of justice and accountability as a central pillar of deterrence and prevention. 

The settlement additionally addresses complete service provision for survivors, together with sexual and reproductive well being providers, medical and specialised psychological well being providers, authorized help, and livelihood help. 

Responding to a reporter’s query, Ms. Stefanishyna described sexual violence dedicated in conflict as “one of the crucial silent forms of crime”, underlining the problem of gathering info on precise numbers. 

“In the present day we’ve began working to collect this info utilizing volunteers, working with medical amenities, and documenting these instances exterior the legal proceedings,” she mentioned, talking via an interpreter. 

Ms. Patten added that “we can not count on to have correct bookkeeping on an lively battlefield,” stressing she doesn’t await onerous knowledge and statistics to behave. 

Companies for males and boys 

Though sexual violence is usually perpetrated in opposition to ladies and women, Ms. Patten has additionally obtained reviews of instances involving males and boys in Ukraine, which the UN has not but verified.

“I’m working with the completely different UN businesses to make sure that there are providers tailored to the wants of males and boys, as a result of all over the place in lots of battle conditions, I’ve noticed that there’s a lack of providers tailored to the wants of males and boys,” she mentioned. 

Stopping human trafficking 

The framework with the Ukrainian authorities additionally covers gender-responsive safety sector reform, in addition to prevention of conflict-related trafficking, amid rising displacement. 

Greater than 5 million folks have fled Ukraine because the conflict started simply over two months in the past, producing the fastest-growing refugee disaster because the Second World Warfare, in keeping with the UN refugee company, UNHCR

“It’s a incontrovertible fact that battle does exacerbate vulnerability to trafficking, and human trafficking of Ukrainian ladies could be a harmful by-product of this conflict-fuelled refugee disaster,” mentioned Ms. Patten, emphasizing the crucial want for mitigation measures. 

Pramila Patten, Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict, briefs UN Security Council meeting on women and peace and security (file photo).

UN Picture/Loey Felipe

Pramila Patten, Particular Consultant of the Secretary-Common on Sexual Violence in Battle, briefs UN Safety Council assembly on ladies and peace and safety (file photograph).

Sparing no effort 

The UN official additionally responded to questions on “extraordinarily disturbing” reviews of Ukrainian ladies who have been raped earlier than being killed.  She has met with the nation’s Prosecutor Common and mentioned there may be “strong” forensic proof of such incidents. 

“That is very critical, and the United Nations, via this framework of cooperation that we’ve signed, won’t spare any effort to deliver perpetrators to justice,” she mentioned. 

Ms. Patten acknowledged that prosecution for instances of sexual violence dedicated in conflict comes with challenges, stating it’s “by no means straightforward”.  

She reported on her assembly with a number of non-governmental organizations (NGOs) in Ukraine who’ve shared anecdotal reviews. 

“One NGO consultant was referring to instances the place the perpetrator wore a masks, so identification turns into extraordinarily tough,” she mentioned. 

Ms. Patten acknowledged that “no matter reviews are surfacing, they will solely symbolize the tip of the iceberg,” highlighting the necessity to concentrate on reporting.  

‘By no means once more’ 

On this regard, she has additionally held discussions with the Workplace of the Ombudsman for Human Rights, which may set up “hubs” throughout Ukraine the place folks can report instances of sexual violence and likewise obtain medical, psychological and different help. 

Having these secure areas obtainable would additionally avert the folks, who don’t possess the enough skillset required, interviewing victims, which carries the large threat of re-traumatization and re-victimizing. 

“We’ve got to be taught classes from the opposite conflicts the place this has been the case, with victims interviewed over 10 occasions, 15 occasions, with all of the inconsistencies within the reviews which make their case not tenable in a courtroom of regulation,” she mentioned. 

“Each conflict, we are saying ‘by no means once more’. I believe this time we’ve to say, ‘by no means once more” and imply it, and take the required motion to present justice to those victims of sexual violence.”  

The world is watching 

The mandate of the UN Particular Consultant was established by the Security Council greater than a decade in the past, to sort out conflict-related sexual violence as a peace and safety subject. 

Worldwide human regulation makes it clear that even wars have limits, mentioned Ms. Patten, and sexual violence is past the scope of acceptable conduct even within the midst of fight. 

Wartime rape can not be dismissed as an inevitable by-product of conflict. It have to be acknowledged by all events as against the law that may be prevented and punished,” she mentioned. 

Though deeply involved about what she known as “the emboldening results of impunity”, Ms. Patten mentioned it was “crucial that each one actors and events know that the world is watching.” 

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