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New 'On-Demand' Birth Control Pill on the HorizonBy Denise Mann HealthDay Reporter

TUESDAY, April 26, 2022

Think about a birth control pill a girl can take earlier than having intercourse that stops pregnancy for the following three to 5 days.

This may occasionally change into a actuality, in response to a small, new research.

The traditional birth control pill is taken day by day, whereas emergency contraceptive pills are taken after intercourse to forestall pregnancy from occurring, however there is not an excellent “on-demand” choice to take on the time of intercourse — but.

“Many individuals nonetheless have unmet contraceptive wants,” mentioned research creator Dr. Erica Cahill, an obstetrician-gynecologist at Stanford College. “That is very true for individuals on the lookout for a technique that they solely have to make use of when sexually lively that’s simpler and fewer intrusive than condoms, diaphragms, withdrawal or spermicide, the one out there pericoital [used at the time of sex] or on-demand strategies at this second.”

This experimental contraceptive taken by girls combines ulipristal acetate, at present used as “morning-after” treatment, plus the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug meloxicam to disrupt ovulation when conception threat is best.

A girls’s luteal surge happens simply earlier than ovulation, and that is the time when it’s hardest to disrupt ovulation and best to change into pregnant, Cahill defined.

Ulipristal acetate disrupts ovulation when the luteal surge begins, whereas meloxicam can disrupt ovulation even after the luteal surge begins, the researchers famous.

For the research, 9 girls ages 18 to 35 have been monitored by two menstrual cycles. Throughout one cycle, they obtained a mixed dose of 30 mg of ulipristal acetate and 30 mg of meloxicam across the time of their luteal surge to see if this technique of on-demand birth control is possible.

The researchers measured key hormones and reviewed ultrasound scans to establish the luteal surge and decide whether or not ovulation had occurred or been disrupted when girls took the drug combo.

Ovulation was totally disrupted in six girls, the research confirmed.

Therapy cycles have been round three days longer when girls took the mixed routine, which could possibly be vital for monitoring fertility, too.

There’s a want for on-demand contraception, Cahill mentioned. “Persons are already utilizing emergency contraceptive drugs like pericoital contraception, with out the research exhibiting efficacy or finest practices,” she mentioned.

Many individuals are considering strategies that do not contain coming into the clinic for injections or implant placement and/or don’t comprise the hormone estrogen.

The brand new routine would tick these vital packing containers, Cahill mentioned. The subsequent step is to judge this mixture in a bigger research of real-time use.

The findings seem within the April 25 difficulty of BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health.

Dr. Mary Jane Minkin is a medical professor of obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences at Yale College Faculty of Drugs.

“I believe we’re many, a few years away from popping out with one thing like this for normal utilization, and I might be involved that girls would use it commonly each time they’ve intercourse,” mentioned Minkin, who was not concerned within the research.

The extra contraceptive decisions on the market, the higher, she mentioned. “I commonly focus on morning-after contraception, and I at all times emphasize that though it’s secure to make use of, I strongly encourage girls to talk with their gynecologist or well being care supplier a few technique that’s in impact on a regular basis so girls do not have to consider contraception,” Minkin famous.

There are various long-acting reversible contraceptives out there at the moment. “If somebody would not need to use hormones, now we have a copper IUD that’s good for greater than 10 years,” she mentioned. There’s additionally a hormonal contraceptive ring that the girl inserts and removes on her personal every month that is good for a yr.


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Additionally, “now we have hormonally coated IUDs that final for 5 years and might make durations lighter and extra snug,” Minkin added.

Extra data

The U.S. Facilities for Illness Management and Prevention gives extra on at the moment’s contraceptive options.

SOURCES: Erica Cahill, MD, obstetrician-gynecologist, and assistant professor, obstetrics and gynecology, Stanford College, Stanford, Calif.; Mary Jane Minkin, MD, medical professor, obstetrics, gynecology and reproductive sciences, Yale College Faculty of Drugs, New Haven, Conn.; BMJ Sexual & Reproductive Health, April 25, 2022

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