“Between April and November 2021, we now have acquired allegations indicating a number of situations of extrajudicial killings, together with of younger youngsters, enforced disappearance, torture and inhuman remedy and the compelled displacement of at the least 5,000 indigenous Papuans by safety forces,” the three impartial consultants mentioned in a statement.
Particular Rapporteurs Francisco Cali Tzay, who protects rights of indigenous peoples, Morris Tidball-Binz, who monitors extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions, and Cecilia Jimenez-Damary, covering human rights of Internally Displaced Persons, referred to as for pressing humanitarian entry to the area and urged the Indonesian Authorities to conduct full and impartial investigations into the abuses.
They mentioned that because the escalation of violence in December 2018, the general variety of displaced has grown by 60,000 to 100,000 individuals.
“The vast majority of IDPs [internally displaced persons] in West Papua haven’t returned to their properties because of the heavy safety power presence and ongoing armed clashes within the battle areas,” the UN consultants defined.
In the meantime, some IDPs have been dwelling in non permanent shelters or stick with kin.
“1000’s of displaced villagers have fled to the forests the place they’re uncovered to the tough local weather within the highlands with out entry to meals, healthcare, and schooling amenities,” the Particular Rapporteurs continued.
Aside from advert hoc assist deliveries, humanitarian reduction businesses have had restricted or no entry to the IDPs, they mentioned.
“We’re significantly disturbed by stories that humanitarian assist to displaced Papuans is being obstructed by the authorities”.
Furthermore, extreme malnutrition has been reported in some areas with lack of entry to ample and well timed meals and well being providers.
“In a number of incidents, church staff have been prevented by safety forces from visiting villages the place IDPs are looking for shelter,” the UN consultants mentioned, underscoring that “unrestricted humanitarian entry needs to be offered instantly to all areas the place indigenous Papuans are at the moment situated after being internally displaced. Sturdy options have to be sought.”
‘Tip of the iceberg’
On a dozen events, the consultants have written to the Indonesian Authorities about quite a few alleged incidents since late 2018.
“These circumstances could characterize the tip of the iceberg provided that entry to the area is severely restricted making it troublesome to watch occasions on the bottom,” they warned.
In the meantime, the safety scenario in highland Papua had dramatically deteriorated because the 26 April 2021 killing of a high-ranking army officer by the West Papua Nationwide Liberation Military in West Papua.
The consultants pointed to the capturing of two youngsters, aged two and 6, on 26 October, shot to demise by stray bullets in their very own properties, throughout a firefight. The 2-year-old later died.
“Pressing motion is required to finish ongoing human rights violations in opposition to indigenous Papuans,” the consultants mentioned, advocating for impartial screens and journalists to be allowed entry to the area.
They outlined steps that embody guaranteeing all alleged violations obtain thorough, “immediate and neutral investigations”.
“Investigations have to be geared toward guaranteeing these accountable, together with superior officers the place related, are delivered to justice. Crucially classes have to be realized to forestall future violations,”, the Rapporteurs concluded.
Particular Rapporteurs and impartial consultants are appointed by the Geneva-based UN Human Rights Council to examine and report back on a selected human rights theme or a rustic scenario. The positions are honorary and the consultants will not be paid for his or her work.