Newest Neurology Information
FRIDAY, Jan. 21, 2022 (HealthDay Information)
In the event you or somebody you recognize has suffered a concussion, a medical analysis is essential, an skilled says.
A concussion is “a short-lived useful brain injury sometimes brought on by a bump or blow to the pinnacle,” Cleveland Clinic concussion specialist Dr. Richard Figler mentioned in a clinic information launch.
“A concussion units off a chemical course of within the mind because it’s attempting to heal itself. Throughout that course of, and relying on what a part of the mind was impacted, it may possibly have an effect on totally different features like steadiness, reminiscence, focus and even trigger visible disturbances,” Figler defined.
It is believed that between 1.6 million and three.8 million concussions happen in america annually.
Indicators and signs of a concussion can happen instantly, hours and even days after the preliminary harm to the pinnacle, Figler famous. Signs can change over time, relying on exercise stage and with different probably related accidents, making them tough to acknowledge and manage.
“Solely about 5% to 10% of people that get concussions will expertise loss of consciousness,” Figler mentioned. “Loss of consciousness does equal a concussion, however not having loss of consciousness doesn’t imply you did not have a concussion both.”
He mentioned that anybody who has any of the next indicators and signs after a blow to the pinnacle or physique might have a concussion and ought to be evaluated by a well being care supplier:
- Indicators: dazed or shocked look; persona or behavioral adjustments; confusion; lack of consciousness, even temporary; clumsiness; forgetfulness; seeming “out of it”; forgetting occasions previous to or after the blow; sluggish response to questions or repeatedly asking questions.
- Signs: headache; nausea; steadiness issues; double, blurry or modified imaginative and prescient; sensitivity to light and/or noise; extreme fatigue/drowsiness; issue comprehending, concentrating and/or paying consideration; irritability, nervousness; feeling more and more emotional or unhappy; feeling simply not proper or “in a fog”; adjustments in sleep patterns.
Extra critical signs can seem within the first 24 to 48 hours after a head injury, so anybody suspected of sustaining a concussion ought to be monitored for worsening signs, Figler mentioned.
Search instant medical consideration if the next indicators seem after a head injury: extreme nausea or vomiting; pupils which might be enlarged or unequal in measurement; uncommon or weird conduct; incapacity to acknowledge individuals or locations; seizures; extreme dizziness or feeling lightheaded; progressively worsening headache; double or blurry imaginative and prescient; numbness or weakness within the arms or legs, clumsiness; extreme drowsiness or fainting; slurred speech; issue waking from sleep.
For extra on concussion, go to the American Academy of Family Physicians.
SOURCE: Cleveland Clinic, information launch
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