This 12 months, the Convention, which is hosted for the primary time by one of many international locations of the small island growing States group, concentrate on the theme Our Ocean, Our Individuals, Our Prosperity.
The 2-day occasion is a key second for international locations, civil society, and trade to decide to concrete and important actions to guard the ocean.
Defend the ocean, ‘collectively’
“There is no such thing as a option to defend the ocean with out wading along with all related stakeholders”, Mr. Shahid informed an viewers that included the 2 co-hosts – Palau President Surangel Whipps, Jr. and John Kerry, the US’ Particular Presidential Envoy for Local weather.
Talking on the seventh Our Ocean Convention, the Meeting President, who hails from the Maldives, stated he was heartened that the occasion was happening on one of many frontline island nations most in danger from local weather change-induced rising sea ranges, driving dwelling the significance of the problem.
In his handle, Mr. Shahid, the sixth elected meeting president to come back from the small islands group, cited 4 principal areas of conservation and sustainable use of the ocean and seas.
Firstly, he referred to as for an growth of protected areas. Though the ocean covers about 70 per cent of the planet, lower than eight per cent of it’s protected.
“The Our Ocean Convention continues to marshal international momentum on this regard”, he continued.
The previous six conferences have led to greater than 1,400 commitments, amounting to over $90 billion, defending at the very least 5 million sq. kilometres of the ocean.
Extra information and data
Second, the UN Meeting President referred to as for funding in “stable, dependable, and accessible ocean science information and data”, which may very well be used to tell insurance policies and programmes.
The United Nations in 2021, declared a Decade of Ocean Science for Sustainable Improvement.
As mandated by the Basic Meeting, the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Fee (IOC) of the UN Instructional, Scientific and Cultural Group (UNESCO), is working with Member States to construct up nationwide capability in science, to raised perceive and enhance administration of the ocean, coasts, and ecosystems.
This 12 months a number of main worldwide summits are additionally being organized to advertise ocean well being. And later in June, Portugal will likely be internet hosting the UN Ocean Convention, which can search to propel a lot wanted science-based progressive options aimed toward beginning a brand new chapter of worldwide ocean motion
Warming planet means a warming ocean
In his handle, Mr. Shahid additionally harassed the essential of recognizing and addressing the threats dealing with the ocean. Referring to the IPCC report launched earlier this month as a “wake-up name”, the President famous that “a warming planet means a warming ocean” with elevated ranges of acidification and better lack of marine ecosystems and marine biodiversity.
Simply prior to now few weeks, the Nice Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA) and Australian Institute of Marine Science (AIMS) introduced that local weather change had triggered the Nice Barrier Reef’s sixth mass bleaching.
In the meantime, UNESCO scientists are contemplating whether or not so as to add the Reef, which is taken into account one of many world’s seven pure wonders, to their “in peril” record.
Microplastics and marine air pollution
The fourth level which he emphasised was “tackling plastic air pollution”.
“Simply final week, researchers discovered, for the primary time, microplastics in lungs of people, highlighting the size and severity of the issue,” Mr. Shahid stated, of the research printed within the Science of the Whole Surroundings.
On condition that plastic takes lots of of years to degrade, it’s estimated that solely about 20 per cent of the plastic created for the reason that Fifties has been incinerated or efficiently recycled.
Highlighting the significance of amplifying synergies between ocean motion and different Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), similar to poverty discount and sustainable consumption and manufacturing, Mr. Shahid reiterated the significance of a whole ban on plastic air pollution in our ocean.
The President additionally famous that this 12 months marks the fortieth anniversary for the reason that adoption of the UN Conference on Legislation of the Sea.
The event offers a chance to evaluate and renew commitments to the ocean – its governance, its sustainable use, and its conservation, he concluded.